1795, Gabriel, Manumission


1795, Gabriel, Manumission
Event Description
The Middlesex County Book of Manumissions and Removals contains a copy of a document signed by Joseph Freeman Sr. (1709-1797), promising to manumit an enslaved man named Gabriel after the decease of Joseph Freeman Sr. and his wife Susannah Freeman. This document was originally signed on March 10, 1795, and witnessed by Joseph Freeman Jr. and Enos Freeman.

On February 15, 1808, Enos Freeman appeared before judge Henry Freeman and acknowledged the authenticity of the document. The document was then recorded into the book by the Middlesex County Clerk on February 27, 1808.

The following is a transcript of Joseph Freeman Sr.'s 1795 document:

"I Joseph Freeman in the County of Middlesex and State of New Jersey this tenth day of March in the year of our Lord Christ one thousand seven hundred and ninety five do certify that after the decease of me and my wife Susannah, that my negro man Gabriel shall be set free. In Witness I have hereunto set my hand and seal. - Joseph Freeman"

Joseph Freeman Sr. died in 1797. The date of death of his wife Susannah Freeman is uncertain. Whether and when Gabriel attained freedom is uncertain. It is likely that Gabriel attained freedom by 1808. However, a copy of the requisite manumission certificate for Gabriel (which would typically be issued by the Justice of the Peace of Middlesex County) has not been found in the book.
Action Status
10 March 1795
Woodbridge, NJ
Primary Participant
Freedom Status
Enslaver of Primary Event Participant
Joseph Freeman Sr. (1709-1797)
Joseph Freeman Jr.
Henry Freeman
Enos Freeman
Middlesex County Manumissions and Removals, page 70
Manumission of Gabriel (deed dated 1795-03-10), recorded in Manumissions and Removals Book, p. 70. Middlesex County (N.J.) Records, 1688-1929, Vol. XI (MC 784.1). Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries.
Record Contributor
Isaac Guzmán
Jesse Bayker