John Smith [Judge of Common Pleas]

Item

Person Record Title
John Smith [Judge of Common Pleas]
Identifier
NJS-PER-00635
Given Name
John
Family Name
Smith
Sex
Male
Occupation
Legal
Biographical Description
John Smith was a Judge of Common Pleas for Middlesex County, New Jersey, in the early 19th century.

In this role he was responsible for approving removal certificates to authorize the movement of enslaved people out of New Jersey to other states. In 1818, he colluded with the corrupt Judge Jacob Van Wickle and his associates who were engaged in a notorious slave trading operation in Middlesex County. Judge Smith signed about a dozen removal certificates that helped Van Wickle and his associates send Black New Jerseyans to the Deep South.

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See also a potentially related record for a man named John Smith [Identifier NJS-PER-00116], who was the Overseer of the Poor of East Windsor in the early 19th century. It is possible that this is the same man. The relationship between these records has not been confirmed.
Place of Significance
Middlesex County, NJ
Record Contributor
Jesse Bayker

Linked resources

Items with "Related Person or Resource: John Smith [Judge of Common Pleas]"
Title Class
John Smith [Overseer of the Poor] Agent
Items with "Additional Participant: John Smith [Judge of Common Pleas]"
Title Class
1818 Removal: Cain Event
1818 Removal: Charles Event
1818 Removal: Charles Event
1818 Removal: Elijah Event
1818 Removal: Frank Event
1818 Removal: George Event
1818 Removal: Jack Event
1818 Removal: Jane Event
1818 Removal: Lewis Event
1818 Removal: Mary Event
1818 Removal: Peter Event
1818 Removal: Phebe Event
1818 Removal: Sam Event
1818 Removal: Susan Event