1801, Cato Stone, Manumission


1801, Cato Stone, Manumission
Event Description
Cato Stone was manumitted by Thomas Edgar, one of the executors of the estate of William Stone (1700–1788). The certificate of manumission was signed by the Overseers of the Poor of Woodbridge (George Harrison, Ezekiel Ayers) and Justices of the Peace for Middlesex County (Ichabod Potter, Jeremiah Manning) on June 13, 1801. The document stated that Cato Stone was examined in court and met the eligibility requirements for manumission in New Jersey, i.e. the person was 21 to 40 years old and was "sound in mind and not under any bodily incapacity" of obtaining a livelihood. Cato Stone's exact age was not recorded in the document. This manumission was recorded by the Middlesex County Clerk (William P. Deare) on June 17, 1801.

The certificate of manumission described Cato Stone as "slave named Cato Stone late a slave of the said William Stone decd [deceased] and by his will left to be set free."

The abstract of the will of William Stone (published in the Calendar of Wills, Vol. 7, 1786-1790) does not mention any enslaved persons; however, it is possible that the abstract is incomplete. The will was written on August 24, 1787, and William Stone died circa September 1788. Thirteen years passed between the death of William Stone and the manumission of Cato Stone.
Action Status
13 June 1801
Woodbridge, NJ
Primary Participant
Cato Stone
Primary Participant Description (verbatim)
slave named Cato Stone late a slave of the said William Stone decd
21 to 40
Freedom Status
Enslaver of Primary Event Participant
William Stone (1700-1788)
Additional Participant
Thomas Edgar (1746-1812)
Record Contributor
Isaac Guzmán
Jesse Bayker